# Mathematics

# Mathematics

**MATHEMATICS YEAR 3-MATHEMATICS 8**

(MMA-08-IB)

This is a year of consolidating basic mathematics skills; therefore, students must master all the learning outcomes. The course will provide students with the mathematical understanding and critical thinking skills so that they will be successful in future mathematics courses. Topics include: percent, fractions, powers and roots, rational numbers, geometry, measurement, discrete linear relations, algebraic expressions, two steps equations, basic probabilities and statistics, and financial literacy. Problem solving will be incorporated into lessons throughout the year. Algebra will be introduced at this level.

**MATHEMATICS YEAR 4-MATHEMATICS 9**

(MMA-09-IB)

This course introduces the topics that develop the framework for senior level courses in mathematics. The course will provide students with the mathematical understanding and critical thinking skills so that they will be successful in future mathematics courses. Topics include: operations with rational numbers, exponents, polynomials, linear relations, multi-step one variable equation, spatial proportional reasoning, statistics in society, and financial literacy. Problem solving will be incorporated into lessons throughout the year.

Pre-requisites: Mathematics 8

**MATHEMATICS YEAR 5-FOUNDATIONS of MATHEMATICS & PRE-CALCULUS 10**

(MFMP-10-IB)

This course will prepare students for entry to either of the Foundation of Mathematics pathway or Pre-Calculus pathway starting in grade 11. The course will provide students with the mathematical understanding and critical thinking skills so that they will be successful in future mathematics courses. Topics include: real numbers and operations, relationships among data, linear relations, solving systems of linear equations, polynomials, primary trigonometric ratios, experimental probability, and financial literacy. Problem solving will be incorporated into lessons throughout the year.

**Recommendations:** Students with a C+ or higher in Mathematics 9 should consider enrolling in Mathematics 10. Students with a mark lower than C+ should consider enrolling in summer school to improve their fundamental algebra skills if they are considering this course.

Pre-requisite: Mathematics 9

**MATHEMATICS YEAR 5: WORKPLACE MATHEMATICS 10**

(MAWM-10-IB)

This course is the first in a three part series of courses that will provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical thinking skills identified for entry into the majority of trades at post-secondary and for direct entry into the workforce. Topics include: puzzles and games for computational fluency, graphs, primary trigonometric ratios, metric and imperial measurement and conversions, solving problems involving surface area and volume, angles, basics probability, and statistics and financial literacy.

Pre-requisite: Mathematics 9

**FOUNDATIONS OF MATHEMATICS 11**

(MFOM-11 ~ 4 CREDITS)

This course is available to all students who have completed Mathematics 10. This course will prepare students for entry to post-secondary programs which do not require Pre-Calculus (typically the arts, humanities or social sciences). The course will provide students with the mathematical understanding and critical thinking skills so that they will be successful in future mathematics courses. Topics include: mathematical reasoning, relationships of angles, graphical representations of quadratic functions, graphical solutions to systems of equations, solving systems of linear inequalities, trigonometry, applications of probabilities and statistics, mathematics in research, and financial literacy.

Previous course recommendations from Mathematics 10

**FOUNDATIONS OF MATHEMATICS 12**

(MFOM-12 ~ 4 CREDITS)

This is the third course of the Foundations pathway that further develops the mathematical skills necessary for post-secondary studies in disciplines that do not require the study of Calculus. Topics include: Logical reasoning, probability and its application, permutations, combinations, functions (polynomial, exponential, logarithmic, and sinusoidal), and geometry and spatial relationships. Students may take Foundations in addition to Pre-Calculus 12.

Previous course recommendation from Foundations of Mathematics 11

**WORKPLACE MATHEMATICS 11**

(MAWM-11 ~ 4 CREDITS)

This is the second of a three-part pathway which develops mathematical skills necessary for employment in the trades and general workplace. Topics include: puzzles and games for computational fluency, statistics, 3D objects, linear relationships, slope as a rate of change, and financial literacy.

Previous course recommendation from Workplace Mathematics 10 or Mathematics 10

**ADVANCED PLACEMENT AND CALCULUS PROGRAM**

*This pathway is provided for students with an interest and ability in Mathematics. Pre-Calculus 12 is necessary to enter most post-secondary Science, Business and Engineering programs, with many requiring or recommending Calculus 12 as well.*

**PRE-CALCULUS 11**

(MPREC11 ~ 4 CREDITS)

This is the second course of the Pre-Calculus pathway that further develops the mathematical skills necessary for the study of Calculus. It is intended for students whose future program of study will include Calculus. Topics include: real numbers system, absolute value, rational, radical, quadratic, exponential and polynomial functions and equations, trigonometry, and financial literacy.

**Recommendations**: As this is a rigorous academic course, a minimum of **C+** is recommended in Mathematics 10. Students with a mark lower than **C+** should consider enrolling in summer school to improve their fundamental skills if they are considering this course. A graphing calculator is used regularly in this course. Students may take Foundations of Mathematics 11 in addition to Pre-Calculus 11.

Pre-requisite: Mathematics 10

**PRE-CALCULUS 12**

(MPREC12 ~ 4 CREDITS)

This is the third course of the Pre-Calculus pathway that further develops the mathematical skills necessary for the study of Calculus. This course is necessary to enter most post-secondary Science, Business and Engineering programs, with many requiring or recommending Calculus 12 as well. Topics include: trigonometry, transformations, exponential and logarithmic functions, permutations, combinations and polynomials.

**Previous course recommendation**: A minimum standing of C+ (70%) in Pre-Calculus 11.

**AP CALCULUS 12 / CALCULUS 12**

(ACAL-12 ~ 4 CREDITS + CALC 12 ~ 4 CREDITS)

Calculus is an advanced, university level course, offered to students whose mathematical ability in grade 11 is outstanding (80% or higher). Topics offered include the theory of limits, differentiation, integration of area and volumes of rotation, and practical problems involving these skills and techniques. Students who succeed will be well prepared for any university level calculus course. Students may, on the teacher’s recommendation, take the Advanced Placement exam which will grant them one semester of math credit at many universities. Only students writing the Advanced Placement exam will receive Calculus AP designation in addition to Calculus 12 on their Grade 12 transcript. All students writing a school based final exam can earn Calculus 12 credit.

**Recommendation**: In addition to previous course recommendations, students must have good work habits to enroll in this course.

**Previous course recommendation**: Pre-Calculus 12 or a minimum standing of 80% in Pre-Calculus 11 and Pre-Calculus 12 taken concurrently.

**AP STATISTICS 12 / STATISTICS 12**

(ASTAT12 ~ 4 CREDITS and/or MSTAT12 ~ 4 CREDITS)

Advanced Placement Statistics is designed for students who would like to complete studies equivalent to a one-semester introductory university course in statistics. This is an excellent AP option for students in grade 11-12 with mathematics teacher recommendation for grade 10. University and college programs in Business, Economics, Engineering, Science, and Psychology include at least one course in statistics. Students will be exposed to four broad themes: exploring data; sampling and experimentation; anticipating patterns and statistical inference. Students who successfully complete the course and exam may receive credit, advanced placement, or both for a one semester introductory university statistics course.

Previous course recommendation from Mathematics 10