**MATHEMATICS YEAR 3-MATHEMATICS 8**

(MMA-08-IB)

This is a year of consolidating basic Math skills; therefore, students must master all the learning outcomes. Topics covered will include percent, fractions, powers and roots, statistics, rational numbers, geometry, measurement, linear relations. Algebra will be introduced at this level.

**MATHEMATICS YEAR 4-MATHEMATICS 9**

(MMA-09-IB)

This course introduces the topics that develop the framework for senior level courses in mathematics. Topics covered will include integers, rational numbers, polynomials, operations with exponents, linear relations, geometry, measurement, algebra, and problem solving. The four strands for these topics are numbers, patterns and relations, shape and space and statistics and probability. Furthermore, there is an introduction to abstract thinking.

Prerequisites: Mathematics 8

**MATHEMATICS YEAR 5-FOUNDATIONS & PRE-CALCULUS 10**

(MFMP-10-IB)

This course will prepare students for entry to either of the Foundation of Mathematics pathway or Pre-calculus pathway starting in grade 11. Topics include: real numbers, radicals, operations with polynomials, factoring, measurement, functions, relations, the equation of a line, linear systems of equations.

Students taking Mathematics 10 must write a Provincial exam comprising 20% of their final grade. Recommendations: Students with a C+ or higher in Mathematics 9 should consider enrolling in Mathematics 10. Students with a mark lower than C+ should consider enrolling in summer school to improve their fundamental algebra skills if they are considering this course.

Pre-requisite: Mathematics 9

**MATHEMATICS YEAR 5:APPRENTICESHIP AND WORKPLACE **

(MAWM-10-IB)

This course is the first in a three part series of courses that will provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical thinking skills identified for entry into the majority of trades at post-secondary and for direct entry into the work force.

Students taking Apprenticeship and Workplace Mathematics 10 must write a Provincial Exam worth 20% of their final overall course grade. The Provincial Exam is set by the Ministry.

Pre-requisite: Mathematics 9

**FOUNDATIONS OF MATHEMATICS 11**

(MFOM-11 ~ 4 CREDITS)

This course is available to all students who have completed Mathematics 10. This course will prepare students for entry to post-secondary programs which do not require Pre-Calculus (typically the arts, humanities or social sciences.) Topics include: proportional reasoning, scale factors, geometry, trigonometry, formal logic, statistical analysis, systems of linear inequalities, quadratic functions. A graphing calculator is used regularly in this course. Students may take Foundations of Mathematics 11 in addition to Pre-Calculus 11.

Pre-requisite: Mathematics 10

**FOUNDATIONS OF MATHEMATICS 12**

(MFOM-12 ~ 4 CREDITS)

This is the third course of the Foundations pathway that further develops the mathematical skills necessary for post-secondary studies in disciplines that do not require the study of Calculus. Topics include: Financial mathematics (compound interest, cost/benefit analysis of renting, leasing and buying, analysis of an investment portfolio), logical reasoning, probability and its application, permutations, combinations, and functions (polynomial, exponential, logarithmic, and sinusoidal). Students may take Foundations in addition to Pre-Calculus 12.

Pre-requisite: Foundations of Mathematics 11

**APPRENTICESHIP AND WORKPLACE MATHEMATICS 11**

(MAWM-11 ~ 4 CREDITS)

This is the second of a three-part pathway which develops mathematical skills necessary for employment in the trades and general workplace. Topics include problem solving, relations and formulas, income and debt, data analysis and interpretation, measurement technology, owning and operating a vehicle, personal income tax, applications of probability and business plan.

Pre-requisites: Apprenticeship and Workplace Mathematics 10 or Mathematics 10

**APPRENTICESHIP AND WORKPLACE MATHEMATICS 12**

(MAWM-12 ~ 4 CREDITS)

This is the third course of the Apprenticeship and Workplace pathway that further develops the mathematical skills necessary for employment in trades and the general workplace. Topics include: direct and indirect measurement, trigonometry, transformations of 2-D and 3-D objects, applications of probability, statistics and mathematics for small business.

Pre-requisite: Apprenticeship and Workplace Mathematics 11

ADVANCED PLACEMENT AND CALCULUS PROGRAM

*This pathway is provided for students with an interest and ability in Mathematics. Pre-Calculus 12 is necessary to enter most post-secondary Science, Business and Engineering programs, with many requiring or recommending Calculus 12 as well.*

**PRE-CALCULUS 11**

(MPREC11 ~ 4 CREDITS)

This course is intended for students whose future program of study will include Calculus. Topics include: absolute value, rational, radical, quadratic and polynomial functions and equations, trigonometry, non-linear systems of equations, linear and quadratic inequalities, arithmetic and geometric sequences.

**Recommendations**: As this is a difficult academic course, a minimum of **C+** is recommended in Mathematics 10. Students with a mark lower than **C+** should consider enrolling in summer school to improve their fundamental skills if they are considering this course. A graphing calculator is used regularly in this course. Students may take Foundations of Mathematics 11 in addition to Pre-Calculus 11.

Pre-requisite: Mathematics 10

**PRE-CALCULUS 12**

(MPREC12 ~ 4 CREDITS)

This is the third course of the Pre-Calculus pathway that further develops the mathematical skills necessary for the study of Calculus. This course is necessary to enter most post-secondary Science, Business and Engineering programs, with many requiring or recommending Calculus 12 as well. Topics include: trigonometry, transformations, exponential and logarithmic functions, permutations, combinations and polynomials.

Recommendation: A minimum standing of C+ (70%) in Pre-Calculus 11.

Pre-requisite: Pre-Calculus 11

**AP CALCULUS 12 / CALCULUS 12**

(ACAL-12 ~ 4 CREDITS + CALC 12 ~ 4 CREDITS)

Calculus is an advanced, university level course, offered to students whose mathematical ability in grade 11 is outstanding (80% or higher). Topics offered include the theory of limits, differentiation, integration of area and volumes of rotation, and practical problems involving these skills and techniques. Students who succeed will be well prepared for any university level calculus course. Students may, on the teacher’s recommendation, take the Advanced Placement exam which will grant them one semester of math credit at many major universities. Only students writing the Advanced Placement exam will receive Calculus AP designation in addition to Calculus 12 on their Grade 12 transcript. All students writing school based final exam can earn Calculus 12 credit.

Recommendation: In addition to prerequisites, students must have good work habits and the permission of the math department to enrol in this course.

Pre-requisites: Pre-Calculus 12 or a minimum standing of 80% in Pre-Calculus 11 and Pre-Calculus 12 taken concurrently.

**AP STATISTICS 12 / STATISTICS 12**

(ASTAT12 ~ 4 CREDITS and/or MSTAT12 ~ 4 CREDITS)

Advanced Placement Statistics is designed for students who would like to complete studies equivalent to a one-semester introductory, non-calculus based, university course in statistics. This is an excellent AP option for students in grade 11. University and college programs in Business, Economics, Engineering, Science, and Psychology include at least one course in statistics. Students will be exposed to four broad themes: exploring data; sampling and experimentation; anticipating patterns and statistical inference. Students who successfully complete the course and exam may receive credit, advanced placement, or both for a one semester introductory university statistics course.

Pre-requisite: Mathematics 10